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Legal recognition by the certification authority that a product, service, organization or person complies with the applicable requirements. Such certification comprises the activity of checking the product, service, organization or person and the formal recognition of compliance with the applicable requirements by issue of certificate, license, approval or other document as required by national law or procedures. In particular, certification of a product involves:


(a) the process of assuring the design of a product to ensure that it complies with a set of standards applicable to that type of product so as to demonstrate an acceptable level of safety, (acceptable risk);

(b) the process of assessing an individual product to ensure that it conforms to the certified type design;

(c) the issue of any certificate required by national laws to declare that compliance or conformity has been found with applicable standards in accordance with item(a).

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